Ahad GHAZAVI, MD ,1 Seyed Hassan TONEKABONI, MD ,2,3 Parvaneh KARIMZADEH, MD ,2,3 Ahmad Ali NIKIBAKHSH, MD ,4 Ali KHAJEH, MD ,5 and Afshin FAYYAZI, MD 6

Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Summer; 8(3): 12–17.

Objective

Intractable epilepsy is a major difficulty in child neurology, because the numbers of drugs that are available for treatment are limited and new treatments such as diets must be tried. Now there are some diets available for treating patients with intractable epilepsy. The oldest diet is the classic ketogenic diet and one of the newest diets is the modified Atkins diet. Patients have a harder time accepting the classic ketogenic diet than the Atkins diet, which is easier to accept because the food tastes better. This study compares the efficacy of the ketogenic diet and the Atkins diet for intractable epilepsy in children.

Materials & Methods

This study is a clinical trial survey with sample size of 40 children with refractory epilepsy who were patients at Mofid hospital in Tehran, Iran. Initially, from Jan 2005–Oct 2007, 20 children were treated with the Atkins diet, and then from Oct 2007–March 2010, the other group was treated with the classic ketogenic diet and the results were compared.

Results

In this study, response to treatment was greater than a 50% reduction in seizures and at the end of first, second, and third months for the ketogenic diet were 55%, 30%, and 70% and for the Atkins diet were 50%, 65%, and 70%, respectively.

Conclusion

The results of this study show that there is no significant difference between the classic Ketogenic diet and the Atkins diet at the end of first, second, and third months and both had similar responses to the treatments.

Key Words: Classic ketogenic diet, Atkins diet, Intractable epilepsy